Journal directory listing - Volume 58 (2013) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【58(4)】December (Special Issue: Quality management and assurance in education)

(Special Issue) Analyses and Changing Models of School Governance in Japan: School Council Cases

Author: Yung-Chih Lin(Division of Study on Education, Tokyo Gakugei University, JAPAN), Ching-Shan Wu(K-12 Education Administration, Ministry of Education)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 58, No. 4
Date:December 2013


Because of the influence of educational reforms sweeping the western hemisphere and domestic political movements advocating governmental decentralization, the educational systems in Japan have been evolving for years. The most prominent change implemented in response to educational decentralization is the authority transfer, in which decision making power was transferred from the central government to county governments and, subsequently, to the schools. As a result, school management systems must be adapted to localization and decentralization movements, and the optimal operational models for schools have been extensively discussed. Numerous changes, such as strengthening the autonomy of school management, electing independents to the school board, and establishing school councils to replace traditional decision-making mechanisms, have fundamentally altered the power structures in schools.
In contrast to the enthusiastic movements in Japan, the topic of school operation models has rarely been discussed in Taiwan. To address this gap, we investigated the governance history, current status of, and potential changes among Japanese schools. By analyzing the school governance evolution of Japan, the authors use the experiences of Japan to provide alternative options for school innovation in Taiwan. Therefore, this paper begins with an introduction to the concepts and changing models of school governance; subsequently, the conditions and frameworks of school councils in Japan are described, and school governance models and school council operation are analyzed. Finally, recommendations are provided for applying the educational changes implemented in Japan to the education system in Taiwan.


Japan, school governance, school council

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APA FormatLin, Y.-C., & Wu, C.-S. (2013). Analyses and Changing Models of School Governance in Japan: School Council Cases. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 58(4), 103-131. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2013.58(4).04