Journal directory listing - Volume 64 (2019) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【64(3)】September (Special Issue: Creativity, STEAM and Maker Education)

(Special Issue) Exploring Creativity in the World of Five Women Majoring in Science and Engineering: How They Interpret Creativity and How Their Educational Backgrounds Affect Their Creativity
Author: Yuk-Ying Sung (Little Angel United Clinic), Chen-Yao Kao (Department of Special Education, National University of Tainan)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 64, No.3
Date:September 2019

This study examined how women majoring in science and engineering interpreted creativity and how their life experiences affected their expression of creativity. This study used a qualitative research method for narrative inquiry combined with the feminist approach to explore major research questions. Purposeful sampling was used to recruit five participants. Data collection involved semistructured in-depth interviews, document review, and observation. Data analysis revealed six qualities these women had in common: earnestness, goal orientation, preference for flexibility, professional and academic confidence, diverse interests, and proactive attitudes. From the perspective of ability, these women defined creativity as the ability to solve problems, to produce problems, to express themselves, and to facilitate transformation. They believed that the ability to solve problems was at the heart of creativity, which was in line with the essence of scientific creativity. For key elements in creative products, they mentioned novelty, cost-performance ratio, customization, aesthetic feeling, and playfulness. Moreover, they believed that logical reasoning derived from their professional training was helpful for their expression of creativity, supporting the argument that convergent thinking is integral to creativity. Notably, these women mentioned that creativity could be expressed not merely in arts but in any human endeavor, upholding the viewpoint that creativity exists in every field. This also implies that some empirical studies’ use of college students’ majors as a means for categorizing them into high- and low-creativity groups is inappropriate and suggests that such research design should be avoided in future.

Keywords:convergent thinking, creativity, divergent thinking, females majoring in science and engineering

《Full Text》 檔名

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APA FormatSung, Y.-Y. & Kao, C. (2019). Exploring Creativity in the World of Five Women Majoring in Science and Engineering: How They Interpret Creativity and How Their Educational Backgrounds Affect Their Creativity. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 64(3), 55-84. doi: 10.6209/JORIES.201909_64(3).0003