Journal directory listing - Volume 66(2021) - Journal of NTNU【66(1)】March

Basic Research on Ningyang Dong Zhenren Yuxianji: Connections between Shou-Zhi Dong, Dengzhendong, and Quanzhen School Author: Cheng-Hsiu Hsieh (Department of Chinese LiteratureNational Taiwan UniversityPhD Candidates)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 1
Date:March 2021


Discussions of “Effort” and “Fate,” and their relationship in the “Effort and Fate” chapter of LieZi have focused largely on effort from the perspective of free will, and some have declared that fate must mean fatalism. Later scholars reflected on the meaning of fate, asserting that it is only an “objective restriction”; however, the accuracy of these views is questionable and must be reexamined. According to the chapter Effort and Fate?and other chapters in LieZi, the relationship between effort and fate should be understood from the perspective that “Tao cannot be pursued on purpose”(至道不可以情求). Fate works in a natural way; it cannot be mastered by our own efforts, or we will feel fettered by it when we face judgments of right and wrong. The conflict between effort and fate is better perceived as a battle within our minds. Therefore, if we attempt to understand fate (知命), then believe in fate (信命), and finally become unselfconsciousness (不知), our body and mind can be transformed. At that moment, we are free of any conflict between effort and fate and able to experience everything harmoniously.

Keywords:effort and fate, unselfconsciousness, LieZi, follow the fate, Tao and Qing

《Full Text》 檔名

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APA Format
Hsieh, C.-H. (2021). Transcendence and the Conflict Between “Effort” and “Fate” in the “Effort and Fate” Chapter of LieZi. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 66(1), 27-46.
Chicago Format
Hsieh, Cheng-Hsiu. “Transcendence and the Conflict Between “Effort” and “Fate” in the “Effort and Fate” Chapter of LieZi.” Journal of National Taiwan Normal University 66, no. 1 (2021): 27-46.