Journal directory listing - Volume 61 (2016) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【61(4)】December

The Relationships and Mediated Effects of College Students’ Spatial Self-Efficacy, Map-Drawing Ability and Map Literacy Author: Teng-Shun Yang (Institute of Education, National Sun Yat-sen University), Zuway-R Hong (Institute of Education, National Sun Yat-sen University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 61, No. 4
Date:December 2016


This study investigated the relationships among Taiwanese college students’ map-drawing ability, spatial self-efficacy (direction judgment, distance estimation, and location memory), and map literacy (using maps, estimating maps, drawing maps). The mediated effects of students’ map-drawing ability on the relationship between their spatial self-efficacy and map literacy were explored. A total of 182 undergraduates were selected from a university in Kaohsiung City through convenient sampling. Campus sketch maps as well as the spatial self-efficacy scale (SSES) and map literacy scale (MLS) were employed to measure college students’ map-drawing ability, spatial self-efficacy, and map literacy. These skills were then compared and contrasted through factor analyses, t tests, correlation analyses, hierarchical regression, and theme content analyses. The results revealed that male college students possessed significantly higher map literacy than their female counterparts did. The students’ spatial self-efficacy, map-drawing ability, and map literacy were significantly and positively related. In addition, this study provides evidence to support that map-drawing ability partially mediates between direction judgment and map use. The implications of the findings and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Keywords:college students, map-drawing ability, map literacy, sketch map, spatial self-efficacy

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APA FormatYang, T.-S. & Hong, Z.-R. (2016). The relationships and mediated effects of college students’ spatial self-efficacy, map-drawing ability and map literacy. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 61(4), 121-146. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2016.61(4).05